Owning a good set of tires will help your car always operate in the most convenient and safest way. That’s why car tire maintenance is so important. Here are the tire maintenance methods from Bridgestone consultants that every car owner should master.
CAR TIRE MAINTENANCE IS VERY IMPORTANT
Tires are likened to human “shoes”, car tires will have the main task of supporting the entire body of the vehicle and performing the moving stages of the vehicle. After more than a period of use, the tires are often worn, and the internal pressure of the tires also changes.
At this time, car owners also need to have periodic maintenance methods to renew the “shoes” of the car to help the car operate in the best way. Tire experts also said that to ensure their safety in traffic, car owners should also check the “health” of their tires periodically every 2 months.
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CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
Tire pressure is simply the tension or underinflation of the tire. Checking tire pressure on a regular basis will be the basic operation that car owners should perform to ensure the safety of their trips.
If the tire pressure is reduced (underinflated), the contact area of the tire compared to the road surface will be the lowest and the car will run on 2 tires. As a result, the tires will wear out faster than normal, reducing the grip of the wheels compared to the road surface, the braking distance will be longer, losing safety, even exploding the tires, which is dangerous for the car owner. use.
If your tire pressure is too large (inflated) it will make the contact area of the tire with the road surface lower than normal. The middle part of the tire surface will be worn out faster, prone to tire explosion and the braking distance will be longer, losing safety.
The ideal tire pressure for cars in traffic is about 2.1 Bar, which is about 30-50psi (2.2 – 2.4 kg/cm2). This pressure can also be checked through existing pump equipment with gauges attached.
CHECK TIRE CONDITION REGULARLY
As mentioned above, tires need to be checked on a regular basis for issues such as: wear, cracks, bulges, cuts, tire life, tire pressure, etc. It will help you to detect tire damage early and replace it in time, which can avoid unnecessary incidents and accidents.
CHECK TREAD DEPTH
The depth of the tread is called the depth of the treads on the tread. These treads will have the role of creating friction when the tire is in contact with the road surface, helping to prevent slipping when moving through steep, difficult roads.
As recommended by tire manufacturers, you need to change new tires when the tread is 1.6 – 3 mm to ensure your safety and the life of your car tires. Read more about car tire review at injoyreview.com
Dynamic balance is what you will adjust to create balance for the wheel, to ensure that when the wheel rotates, it does not create vibrations transmitted to the steering wheel, it also affects the driving feeling. The large vibration shows that the center of gravity of the tire is being deflected a lot.
At this time, the car owner needs to take the car to a reputable maintenance garage, to perform dynamic balances to add a certain amount of lead to the wheel and adjust the center of gravity of the tire to the correct balance position.
Due to the condition of the road surface, due to the vehicle’s operation process, vehicle load, etc., the tire wear is often not the same. This can affect the balance of the vehicle and reduce user safety, and cause your tires to wear unevenly, reducing tire life. If you don’t rotate the tires for a long time, it will cause the tires to fail quickly, forcing you to change new tires, leading to costly expenses.
Therefore, the most suitable measure is to reverse the position of the wheels together to even out the wear of the tires. The recommended time that you should rotate your tires is after about 8,000 – 10,000km or every 6 months.
CHECK THE WHEEL ANGLE
During operation, worn tires can also deviate from the original standard wheel alignment. This is the leading cause of discomfort when you are driving for drivers such as: the car is often pulled, swerved to one side, the steering wheel does not return when the turn is complete, the steering wheel will create a small angle. not straight) from the normal position when traveling in a straight line. Therefore, once the wheel needs to be adjusted (alignment of the steering wheel) to ensure the correct angle of the wheel is always standard. Here are the criteria that are quite necessary in checking the wheel alignment angle:
Toe: This criterion is calculated by the difference between the two rear tires and the front two tires. There are usually 3 levels to evaluate wheel precision:
Positive pinch: when the distance between the front tires is smaller than the distance between the rear tires.
Negative pinch: that is, the distance between the front tires is larger than the distance between the rear tires.
Zero precision: When the difference is zero, the two wheels will be parallel to each other.
Camber Angle: This is an angle of the wheel formed by 2 lines passing through the center of the wheel and a line perpendicular to the road surface. According to the standard, this angle must be zero, i.e. the wheel must be placed vertically.
Positive camber angle (+) the wheel tilts out, wearing out the outside of the tire
Negative camber angle (-) the wheel tilts inward, wearing down the inside of the tire
Camber angle zero: wheel is vertical. The effect will ensure even wear on both sides of the tire, helping to steer by putting gravity on the inside of the wheel.
Caster Angle: This criterion is calculated as the angle created by the line through the center of the vertical axis with the line perpendicular to the road surface when viewed horizontally. This is the measurement angle to evaluate the stability of the vehicle’s straight movement and the ability to return to the steering wheel after you change the direction.
CHECK VALVE SYSTEM
Tire valve is a link position to make pumping the car more convenient when needed. Because their structural material is usually rubber, tire valves are often degraded and aged after a period of use. If the tire valve is not used well, it is one of the causes of unstable tire pressure, causing pressure leaks and dangerous accidents.
Therefore, to ensure safety, car owners should regularly check and replace as soon as the valve shows signs of cracking, breaking, or crooked. In addition, to limit valve aging, you can equip metal valves such as Continental valves, or Tifan valves. These are famous valve lines for their quality and durability, which can be used for 3-4 tire generations with the criterion “the tire has failed to damage the valve”.
CORRECT TIRE PATCHING
A flat tire during travel is inevitable. At that time, to effectively fix it, the car owner needs to patch the tire. The most common tire patching methods today are: patching inside, patching outside, patching mushrooms…
In which, mushroom patching is an improved method of car tire patching and completely overcomes the disadvantages of the method of patching inside and outside. Mushroom patching will use a mushroom-shaped patch that both seals the air from the inside while still filling the outside surface, thereby preventing harmful agents during the vehicle’s transition.
Nitrogen tire pump is currently the choice of many car owners in order to stabilize the pressure and prolong the life of the tires thanks to its ability to reduce high friction and the thermal influence of the external environment.
Major car tire manufacturers recommend that: Nitrogen injection can prolong the life of tires by up to 10-15%, will reduce air release per tire by an average of 0.7psi/month (if the pump is not inflated). the average gas loss is 2.7psi/month); limit the pressure increase; reduce the risk of tire explosion….
INSTALL SENSOR VALVE
Sensor valves are installed on the wheels of a car to warn of at least one tire that is not under pressure. Warning will be issued to the vehicle owner through the display system in the vehicle. Currently, on the market there are many different types of sensor valves, with prices you can choose from.
Installing a sensor will assist drivers to actively monitor tire pressure, thereby making quick and timely adjustments, limiting dangerous incidents when traveling and extending tire life.
Just now are 10 ways to maintain tires that we bring for your reference. I wish you a safe driver