When a blood vessel in the brain bursts and fills with blood, resulting in a blockage in an artery, a person is said to have a blood clot in the brain. When something like this takes place, the blood supply to the brain is severed, which might deprive it of oxygen. This has the potential to harm the cells in the brain, which may potentially result in death.
Although some people could have a relatively painless bout of this condition without any symptoms, others might go on to develop more catastrophic problems, such as seizures or even pass away as a result of their condition. You can take the treatment from a Neurology hospital in Jaipur or from ENT Hospital in Jaipur.
However, even before any of these things take place, you can encounter certain warning signals that you need to keep an eye out for. In the event that you recognise even one of these signs, you need to get treatment for a blood clot in the brain.
Blood clots are aggregates of blood that develop in response to an injury to stem the flow of blood away from the wounded area. However, what happens if a blood clot forms inside your blood arteries and prevents blood from flowing freely? It is possible that it will end up being quite risky. Thrombosis and embolism are the two categories of blood clots that can occur.
Let’s get some information about such blood clots in the brain by reading about them, as well as the causes and treatments for them.
Different kinds of blood clots
The creation of a blood clot, known medically as thrombosis, can occur when a blood artery in the body sustains injury and then becomes filled with blood. This might be the result of an accident or another medical problem entirely. These clots of blood are not moving around.
The medical condition known as an embolism takes place when a foreign object stops a blood vessel. This can take place when the artery becomes blocked by a blood clot or other clotting material, or even by tissue. These blood clots typically migrate from where they were originally located in the brain to another area of the brain.
Signs That You Might Have a Blood Clot in Your Brain
Headaches that are severe and recurrent — You might have discomfort in the head that does not go away even when you lie down and rest. Even if you are not moving at all, your brain will still be able to register feelings of pain and discomfort.
A blood clot may also be the cause of sudden headaches, a feeling of pressure within the brain, and numbness throughout the face and body in general.
Sudden problems, such as slurring in speech – When your brain is deprived of oxygen, it can cause damage, impairing the way you talk. It’s possible that you’ll become aware that your speech is becoming more slurred or even slower. Your inability to communicate clearly might be an indicator that there is a blood clot somewhere in your brain.
Vision that is hazy Vision that is hazy is one of the early signs that you may be experiencing a blood clot in the brain. Vision problems might arise if your brain is deprived of oxygen, since this will have an adverse effect on the brain and lead it to function less effectively. It’s possible that the vision in front of you looks foggy or blurry. If so, don’t be alarmed.
Uncontrollable motor functions – As the damage to your brain continues to progress, you may experience shaking or tremors that you are unable to control. These symptoms may not be severe at first, but their severity may increase as the obstruction becomes more severe.
Seizures can occur when the blood clot reaches a certain size, which is when it becomes a potential cause of seizures. These seizures are typically brief, but they can also last for a significant amount of time and be quite severe.
You may experience dizziness if your brain is lacking oxygen, which can cause your body to become lightheaded. You might even pass out or feel like you’re going to faint.
Paralysis is a potential complication that can arise as the blood clot grows larger. It is possible that the blood clot will cause acute paralysis in certain parts of the body; however, this will depend on its location.
Reasons a blood clot forms in the brain, and what causes it to form?
Clots in the blood can be caused by a number of different things, including the following:
Obesity is one of the primary factors that can lead to the formation of blood clots in the brain. If you have a high body mass index (BMI), your chance of developing a blood clot in the brain is increased. This is because fat cells are more prone to clotting than other cell types.
The most common reason for blood clots is smoking, which also damages blood vessels and is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular disease. Nitrogen oxide (NO) levels in the blood are lowered when a person smokes. In addition, it has the potential to lead to thrombosis and embolism in the blood vessels, both of which can result in elevated blood pressure.
Pills used to prevent pregnancy Pills used to prevent pregnancy have been linked to an increased risk of blood clots in the brain. It can interfere with the body’s ability to produce oestrogen, which can increase your risk of developing blood clots.
Trauma to the Brain Several studies have shown that head trauma can form a blood clot in the brain. Injuries to the head frequently result in bleeding within the brain, which can eventually cause a blood clot to form.
Atherosclerosis is the hardening of the arteries that occurs due to the accumulation of fat and calcium in the wall of the blood artery, also referred to as plaque. These plaques can get disrupted. As a direct consequence of this, platelets may collect at the site of the damage to form clots.
Blood Clot in the Brain Diagnosed as the Problem
Examining the patient’s blood The physician will examine the patient’s blood in order to check for particular indicators of a blood clot in the brain. It will search for protein in the circulation, as the presence of protein in the blood signifies bleeding in the brain.
Ultrasound: A scan using ultrasound technology can be used to evaluate the dimensions and contours of the brain. The location of the blood clot and the possible origin of the clot can possibly be determined using this information.
scan by computed tomography (CT) Blood clots in the brain can be detected by CT scans. They are able to offer more specific information on the nature of the blood clot and are more accurate than other imaging modalities.
Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is a technique that may be utilised to obtain pictures of blood arteries and determine whether or not there are any abnormalities or obstructions present. Additionally, it may be utilised to investigate the circulation of blood within the brain and locate the origin of the blood clot.
V/Q scans – V/Q scans are able to determine the amount of oxygen that is present in the patient’s blood. It is able to monitor the volume of blood flowing through the arteries as well as the veins, and it can also determine whether or not there is any clotting or obstruction in the blood vessels.
Medications that prevent blood clots
Treatment for blood clots in the brain often entails the use that dilute the blood and stop it from clotting. People who have had a stroke brought on by a blood clot in the past, as well as those who have a history of blood clots, are the ones who are prescribed this medication.
Anticoagulants and antiplatelet medications, such as warfarin, can be prescribed by your physician to stop the formation of more blood clots.
Thrombolytics are a class of medications that quickly dissolve blood clots and are used in critical situations such as strokes to treat patients. Heparin is one example.
Thrombectomy using mechanical means
The surgical treatment known as a mechanical thrombectomy is performed in order to remove the blood clot that has formed in the brain. The blood clot can be removed from the main artery and removed from the brain using a device that is fitted with a mesh for this purpose.
Surgical procedure to remove blood clots from the brain
Your physician may recommend that you have surgery in order to remove the blood clots. In most cases, there are two different kinds of surgery that may be used to remove blood clots from the brain:
Draining the blood clot from the brain through a burr hole, also known as a burr hole drainage, is a treatment that includes creating a tiny hole in the skull in order to offer pressure relief.
Craniotomy is a procedure that includes cutting away a portion of the patient’s skull, then replacing it once the blood clot has been removed.
A blood clot in the brain can cause a wide variety of symptoms. It might be something as insignificant as slurred speech or a full-blown stroke that leaves the victim paralysed. Suppose you are having any of these symptoms. In that case, you should seek medical attention at an established facility like as Max immediately in order to be properly diagnosed and treated for a blood clot in the brain.